あやぱいんの世界一周ブログ

I'm traveler from Japan. Free as a bird. Be more colorful.

CONDITIONALS

I put together how to use 'if'.

Because 'If' is useful word, but I am confused everytime I want to use 'if'.



TYPE ZERO: FACTUAL

If it rains, the road gets wet.


TYPE ONE: FUTURE POSSIBOLITY

If I win the lottery. I will visit Japan.

present form - will


TYPE TWO: IMAGINARY SITUATION(HYPOTHETIEAL) 実際はそうでない

If I were president of the Philippins, I would change some laws.

past tense - past modal (would/could/might)

was is more informal

×If I will→redundancy (canはOK)


TYPE THREE: IMPOSSIBILITY

If we had visited Japan last year, we could have met some of our friends.

past perfect - past modal + present perfect


MIX CONDITIONAL

*simple past→present perfect

If I were you, I could have made it easily.(もうすでに簡単にやっていたのに)

(could makeだと今の状況)


*past perfect→past modal +do

If I had studied hard, I could graduate with medals.

(過去を今後悔している)



It's difficult...

日常生活で使うのはタイプ1が多い?から

もしなんとかだったらこうするよ、的な感じで

普通に原型とwillで問題ないはず

実際に起きてないことに関して言う時は過去形にしてwouldにする

過去の後悔を話すのがムズいね。

さらに過去にするけど、考えている時点によって後半の時制が変わる・・・


そしてwishも悩むところ・・・勉強しま



Ifといったら・・・


If I fell in love in you,

Would you promise to be true?

And help me understand

Cos I 've been in love before

And I found that love was more

Than just holding hands


If I give my heart to you

I must be sure

From the very strat

That you would love me more than her


If I trust in you oh please

Don't run and hide

If I love you too oh please

Don't hurt my pride like her

Cos I couldn't stand the pain

And I would be sad if our new love was in vain


So I hope you see that I

would love to love you

And that she will cry

When she learns we are two

Cos I couldn't stand the pain

And I would be sad if our new love was in vain


So I hope you see that I

Woluld love to love you

And tha she will cry

When she learns we are two


If I fell in love with you



なんと勝手な歌詞だろうかと思うけど

このメロディーと哀愁がたまらなく素敵なビートルズのIf I fell

これとても勉強になると思った

Ifがいっぱいでてくるし、would とかcould とかの雰囲気がなんとなくわかる気もするw

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